- 布达佩斯俱乐部论坛 (http://www.bdpsclub.org/bbs/index.asp)
-- 【多维空间】 (http://www.bdpsclub.org/bbs/list.asp?boardid=10)
---- 昴宿星[分享] (http://www.bdpsclub.org/bbs/dispbbs.asp?boardid=10&id=1315)
-- 发布时间：2005-12-18 8:56:54
The Pleiades is an open star cluster, also known as the Seven Sisters and Messier 45, is a conspicuous object in the night sky with a prominent place in ancient mythology.
昴宿星是一个开阔星团, 也以七姊妹和Messier 45闻名, 是夜空中一明显的物体，在古老的神话里具有突出的地位。
The Pleiades is a white star cluster that is roughly 500 light years from Earth. It is known as M45. It is located in the constellation of Taurus.
There are actually about two hundred and fifty to five hundred thousand stars with this cluster that have been counted included the 7 major ones that have been know throughout antiquity. The cluster contains thousands of stars, of which only a handful are commonly visible to the unaided eye. The stars in the Pleiades are thought to have formed together around 100 million years ago, making them 1/50th the age of our sun, and they lie some 130 parsecs (425 light years) away.
From our perspective they appear in the constellation of Taurus, with approximate celestial coordinates of 3 hours 45 minutes right ascension and +24 degrees declination.
For northern hemisphere viewers, the cluster is above and to the right of Orion the Hunter as one faces south, and it transits -- reaches its highest point in the sky, midway between rising and setting -- around 4 am in September, midnight in November, and 8 pm in January.
With the naked eye only 6 of these 7 sister stars can be seen.
The brightest 4 stars are called - Alcyone, Merope, Maia, and Electra. Lesser stars - Taygeta, Celaeno, and Atlas.
最亮的4颗星星称做- Alcyone, Merope, Maia, and Electra。不太亮的星星- Taygeta, Celaeno, and Atlas。
Other Names For The Pleiades
Ancient civilizations looked to the heavens as guides for their daily lives. They attributed many things to these gods who were both god and bad - kind and harsh. They created mythological tales about those who came from the different star systems. They believed that the gods lived in the heavens and sometimes flew down to the planet bringing messages of teaching or warnings of disasters. These people communicated with their gods through meditation and dream time. They believed that the gods would one day return.
The alignment in the heavens is like a blueprint upon which those on the planet can plan their daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly activities. The heavens were also the way they plotted their seasons so they would know when to plant and when to harvests - when the waters would come and when it would be dry. In essence they worshipped those from the skies - the Pleiades being a major factor for many civilizations.
Today many people connect with - or channel with - the Pleiades as a place linked to ancient wisdom passed down from the Elders that we must understand at this time in the planet\'s history. The 7 sister stars seem to inspire people to be more creative and connect with the other side. In doing this we open the right side of our brain - the feminine - intuitive - creative - the artist - and poet - higher frequency. Perhaps it is the color BLUE that is the color of electricity - light and through which we spiral our consciousness awareness.
-- 发布时间：2005-12-18 8:57:56
-- 发布时间：2005-12-18 9:01:08
-- 发布时间：2005-12-18 9:02:56
The Seven Sisters
The Seven Sisters have the distinction of being mentioned in the Bible twice by name and once by reference - in Job 9:9 and again in Job 38:31, and alluded to in 5:8.
Their beauty inspired Tennyson to write:
Many a night I saw the Pleiades, rising thro\'\' the mellow shade,
The Pleiades were the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione, and half-sisters of the Hyades, whose mother was ƴhra (`bright sky\'\'; a different ƴhra than the mother of Theseus). They were perhaps also half-sisters of the Hesperides, who were daughters of either Night alone, or Atlas and Hesperis (`evening\'\'), or Ceto and Phorcys.
Both Pleione and ƴhra were Oceanids, daughters of Oceanus and Tethys, the titans who ruled the outer seas before being replaced by Poseidon. Atlas (`he who dares\'\' or `suffers\'\'; from the Indo-European tel-, tla-, `to lift, support, bear\'\'), another titan, led their war against the gods, and was afterward condemned by Zeus to hold up the heavens on his shoulders.
The Pleiades were also nymphs in the train of Artemis, and together with the seven Hyades (`rainmakers\'\' or `piglets\'\'; individual Hyad names are not fully agreed upon) were called the Atlantides, Dodonides, or Nysiades, nursemaids and teachers to the infant Bacchus. The Hesperides (`nymphs of the west\'\'), apparently not counted in this, were only three, and dwelled in an orchard of Hera\'\'s, from which Heracles fetched golden apples in his eleventh labor.
Alcyone or Halcyone - `queen who wards off evil [storms]\'\'
Seduced by Poseidon and gave birth to either Hyrieus (the name of Orion\'\'s father, but perhaps not the same Hyrieus) or Anthas, founder of Anth桬 Hyperea, and Halicarnassus.
Another Alcyone, daughter of Ưlus (guardian of the winds) and Ƨiale, married Ceyx of Trachis; the two jokingly called each other Hera and Zeus, vexing those gods, who drowned Ceyx in a storm at sea; Alcyone threw herself into the sea at the news, and was transformed into a halcyon (kingfisher).
Legend has it the halcyon hen buries her dead mate in the winter before laying her eggs in a compact nest and setting it adrift on the sea; Ưlus forbids the nest to be disturbed, so the water is calm for 14 days centered on the winter solstice, called the Halcyon Days. The actual bird does not build nests however; instead the story probably derives from an old pagan observance of the turning season, with the moon-goddess conveying a dead symbolic king of the old year to his resting place.
-- 发布时间：2005-12-18 9:04:09
-- 发布时间：2005-12-18 9:05:19
-- 发布时间：2005-12-18 9:06:47